Home Supporting structure Statement by USG Rosemary DiCarlo – Security Council meeting on the situation in Libya – 26 May 2022 – Libya

Statement by USG Rosemary DiCarlo – Security Council meeting on the situation in Libya – 26 May 2022 – Libya

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Madame President

Thank you for giving me the opportunity to brief the Security Council on the latest developments in Libya.

Since my last briefing to the Council on 19 April, the impasse on the political, security and economic fronts has persisted, despite all the efforts of the United Nations to facilitate an agreement between the Libyan actors. Furthermore, the human rights situation has deteriorated.

We fear that the prolonged political stalemate will have an increasingly negative impact on security, as the clashes in Tripoli last week showed.

Madame President,

Special Counsel Williams convened a second round of consultations of the Joint Committee of the House of Representatives and the High Council of State in Cairo from May 15-20. The two delegations met in a positive and constructive atmosphere and discussed the draft 2017 Constitution.

Delegations reached agreement on 137 of the 197 articles in the following areas: the form and nature of the state; fundamental rights and freedoms, including women’s rights; the structure and powers of a bicameral Parliament; and some of the prerogatives of the president and prime minister.

The progress made during this second round of talks is commendable. The members agreed to meet again in Cairo from June 11 under the auspices of the UN and hosted by the Egyptian government.

The objective of this third and final round is to reach consensus on the outstanding issues in order to finalize the constitutional provisions for the holding of national elections as soon as possible. In the meantime, delegations pledged to continue consultations with their respective chambers.

Meanwhile, national and international stakeholders are expressing concern over the continuing deadlock within the executive.

Special Adviser Williams continued to engage with Mr. Dbeibah and Mr. Bashagha to encourage dialogue. She urges them to avoid provocative acts or negative rhetoric to prevent the country from sliding back into conflict.

The Special Adviser also met with members of the Presidency Council, who expressed their intention to continue working on a process of national reconciliation with the support of the African Union and the United Nations.

UNSMIL and UNDP are providing technical expertise on the National Reconciliation and Transitional Justice Bill. In addition, they contribute to the development of a national online platform to collect proposals from civil society for national reconciliation.

Madame President,

While the ceasefire agreed in 2020 continues to hold, the security situation remains fragile.

In the early hours of May 17, Mr. Bashagha entered Tripoli, supported by armed groups. Clashes in and around the city with armed groups supporting Mr. Dbeibah ensued and lasted for several hours. The fighting left one member of the armed group dead, one policeman injured and several buildings damaged.

Following the mediation of local actors and the sensitization of the 5+5 Joint Military Commission, Mr. Bashagha was escorted out of Tripoli.

While the fighting has ceased, the situation remains tense. Armed groups based in Tripoli that support Mr. Dbeibah or Mr. Bashagha remain on high alert.

On a positive note, I am pleased to announce that on May 23 and 24, the Eastern and Western delegations of the 5+5 Joint Military Commission met in Spain for the first time since the Eastern delegation suspended its activities at the end of february.

On the sidelines of the Libya DDR meeting hosted by the Spanish government, Special Adviser Williams met with the 5+5 Joint Military Commission to discuss the implementation of the ceasefire agreement and said ready to resume his activities upon his return to Libya.

Madame President,

As noted in my last briefing, the National Unity Government’s reluctance to pay the salaries of the Libyan National Army for the first quarter of 2022 has led LNA-affiliated elements to close several oilfields and ports, reducing half the country’s daily oil production. .

Following the intercession of Special Advisor Williams to the GNU, the unpaid salaries were paid. Oil production, however, has yet to return to normal.

On May 11, Mr Dbeibah confirmed that he would authorize regular monthly payments for LNA salaries. We hope that this contentious and recurring issue is now resolved.

Meanwhile, the Berlin Process Economic Working Group has developed a revenue management mechanism to overcome disagreement over the control and use of public funds.

The mechanism would consist of a short-term financing facility to finance the National Oil Corporation and other specific priorities, including salaries, grants, operations and essential government expenditures. This mechanism could facilitate competition for resources and improve accountability.

Efforts are also continuing towards the reunification of the Central Bank of Libya, with the help of independent experts. The Bank’s Governor and Deputy Governor held the third meeting of the Bank’s Reunification and Reform Steering Committee in Istanbul on April 24. They will meet again in September to review progress and activate the board.

Madame President,

The human rights situation in Libya remains a source of great concern.

During the first week of May, Libyan security agencies launched a new wave of arrests of young people for alleged crimes against “Libyan culture and values”.

Security agencies have been accused of posting a so-called “confession” video and photos of those arrested on social media. This was perceived as a form of intimidation during the preliminary stages of the investigation.

Restrictions persist on the work of civil society organizations, including women’s rights groups, accused of violating “the principles and values ​​of Libyan society” end of quote.

We remain concerned about the continued detention on these grounds of nine civil society and social activists who have peacefully exercised their right to freedom of expression. Some of the nine have been in detention for six months.

On May 10, Special Adviser Williams traveled to Tarhouna, where she visited mass grave sites and met with families of victims who disappeared between 2012 and 2020. The perpetrators of these horrific crimes have still not been brought to justice. justice.

The situation of internally displaced persons in Libya, including those displaced due to forced evictions, remains very precarious. To cite just one example, on 3 May, 477 displaced Tawergha families, more than 2,000 people in total, were forcibly evicted from two camps in Tripoli.

Equally worrying are the authorities’ ongoing campaigns of mass arrests and detentions of foreigners and undocumented migrants in urban settings in the western region.

As of 8 May, 1,717 people were detained in centers run by the Directorate for the Fight against Illegal Migration. Some 5,000 other migrants and refugees are arbitrarily detained in inhumane conditions in regular, unofficial detention centres.

Madame President,

It is imperative that the ceasefire in Libya be maintained, that calm be preserved and that any measure that could lead to renewed violence be avoided. We must urge all parties to uphold their commitment to the peaceful resolution of political disputes through dialogue and negotiations.

It is also essential that Libyan political and security actors look beyond their personal interests and continue to engage constructively in the upcoming talks in Cairo in support of the electoral/constitutional path. This is the only way to respond to the aspirations of the Libyan people to choose their representatives through the ballot box.

The United Nations will spare no effort to help the people of Libya build a noble and peaceful country, including through the pursuit of its good offices and mediation.

Madame President,

The Security Council has been with Libya on its journey out of conflict and towards peace and stability. The path has not always been easy. But the Council’s support and attention have proved invaluable in keeping a political process alive.

Today, a coordinated and constructive effort is needed to prevent further polarization and end the political stalemate. At a time of heightened global turmoil, the unity of the Council and the international community on the need for peace in Libya is particularly important. This is what the Libyans deserve. This is what the world needs.

Thank you.